Guide to Buy an Handmade Oriental Rug
A reputable dealer is a reservoir of information, both aesthetically and commercially. He will be able to educate you until you have built up a library of visual images and a wealth of knowledge. He will be able to tell you about the carpet design and the place from where it was woven. He can also advise you on the structure and condition of the rug you have chosen, pointing out serious defects, if any.
Established Retailers will allow one to view a variety of pieces, often hanging side by side, in a short period of time. At KOHIMARAN, we try to fulfill the criteria of being a Retailer who can offer not only variety in the selection but who also allows you to try a number of Rugs at your home several times, if necessary. In addition to these services we also offer our Customers Trade in Facilities so that you can buy in confidence. Should you change your mind or decide to upgrade your collection at a later date, this facility of Trade in will be to your utmost use.
Selecting A Carpet
Two carpets may look the same and yet be vastly different in so many aspects. Why? To answer this you would need to consider the following:
Materials: Obviously, the quality of the materials used is a major consideration. Material of inferior quality means that the carpet will wear out faster. Dyed wool is customarily used for the pile and can vary enormously in quality, from the highest quality Kurk wool to coarse and brittle wool from dead sheep. Silk is used for more sumptuous rugs and while it is rarely encountered in village rugs, it is sometimes used as an embellishment.
Knots: A general rule of the thumb is that the thinner the carpet, the higher the density of knotting. Two basic knots are used in the weaving of Carpets: The Turkish or Ghiordes knots and the Persian or Sennah Knots. In general, finely knotted carpets command a higher price than coarsely knotted ones. Not only is the material cost higher, but the carpet also takes longer to produce. Also, the more knots per sq inch, the clearer the design and therefore the more valuable the carpet. Some of the well-known wool Carpets have over 1000 knots per square inch, while the finest of Silk carpets may contain in excess of 3000 knots per square inch. A weave with up to 50 knots per sq inch is coarse, 51to 150 is medium and over 150 is fine.
Dyes: All the great rugs from the mid nineteenth century and earlier were vegetable dyed. Natural dyeing is again in fashion today throughout the carpet producing nations with the revitalization of traditional methods of making rugs. Majority of the carpets now days are produced in Chrome dyes, which after 50’s have been developed do not run or damage yarns and are available in numerous different shades. They are more consistent then vegetable dyes and facilitate the programming or replication of rugs.
Primary Colours such as Red and Blue were obtained from madder and the indigo. Other natural dyestuff includes insects, berries, plants, nuts, fruits, bark and fungi. Depending upon the quality of the dyes, a rug colored with natural dyes can be quite valuable. Many people consider rugs colored with synthetic dyes to be inferior, but this generalization is not always true with the refinement and development of the synthetic dyes over the years.
Harmony of Design. The composition artistry and graceful flow of lines in the carpet design are other important consideration. There should be harmonious balance between the fields and border, to protect the ornamental richness, artistic imagination and virtuosity in the fluidity of the designs. Given the multiplicity of designs in oriental Carpets, the boundaries to one’s appreciation are limitless.
Colour is the most noticeable element in decorating. Different combination of colours can transform a room; making the same room seems welcoming or impersonal, warm or cold.
Primary Colours. With a focal point (Fireplace, Window, Furniture, Curtains etc..) in mind, select your choice of three primary colours: Red, Yellow and Blue. The family of Reds will include pink, brown, avocado and Beige. The family of Yellow includes lime green, gold, orange, green, bottle blue and ivory. The family of Blue consists of lilac, celadon, forest Green, sky blue and slate Grey. In addition, there are also the neutral colours ranging from black to white, taking in the various shades of grays and off-whites.
Creating Moods. The choice of colours is central to creating a mood and the impression our home will have on others.
o The rule of thumb is that if the room contains only one primary colour, your choice of Carpet should be in the same colour group. This will also allow for a calming effect.
o To create a lift try using blues and gold or grim rose in combination with any colours within the primary group.
o Warm colours such as red, yellow or brown should make a room with a high ceiling seem cozier.
o For a sparkling vitality, your choice of carpet should have a contrasting colour with the basic primary colour scheme in your room. For instance, red would contrast with midnight blue, champagne or beige. Yellow would contrast with blue, green or purple, while blue would hold its own against ivory, champagne, gold or yellow.
o Conversely, pastel shades, blue, ivory or green would help create an illusion of size in a room with low ceiling.
o Use warm colours to brighten up a room which does not receive adequate sunshine.
o Patel colours will have a calming/ cooling effect on rooms with ample sunshine.
o To mix and match rugs and antique furniture the general rule is that the colours and design should match. In other words pastel should be used alongside similar colours while your choice of a curvilinear or rectilinear carpet design should be in harmony with the existing rugs, upholstery and curtains.
The Carpet is an ecological Art, the yield of its environment. Developed in the minds and muscles of its creators, it is a Women’s Art. Expressing afresh the venerable tradition of its locale, the Carpet is a folk Art. Finding a place in the black tent of the nomads, in the cozy home of the peasant, in the mosques of the Middle East and the Churches of Europe, in the palaces of princes, in the tasteful house of prosperous people in every land, the carpet is more than fine art. It is a great Art, a marker of humankind, challenged only by Chinese Porcelain in the University of its Acceptance.
In recent years, the demand for rugs and their value have soared. As progress catches up in many of traditional carpet manufacturing countries, hand knotted carpets are increasingly becoming a lost form Art. That is why carpet remains a good buy as a long-term investment. Even so, you can be assured that the contemporary rugs you buy today will increase value over the years. Obviously, the investment value of a rug has to do with its beauty, workmanship, design durability, uniqueness and quality. However, investing in old and antique rugs can be tricky.